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Direct Action from animal rights groups can take many forms, and can be both legal and illegal.
Legal forms of direct action can be, for example, organising or taking part in a boycott, or protesting on the street or other public place, whereas illegal forms can be such things as vandalism, arson, and rescuing of animals, which is considered theft of property.
Image: Animal rights groups call for people to boycott circuses with wild animals in.
What Drives These Activists?
Many animal rights groups and activists feel very passionately that the law is morally wrong when it allows animals to be exploited and abused, and protects the exploiters and abusers instead of the innocent animals.
Although the activists do not take pleasure in breaking the law, they feel passionately enough about protecting animals to do it. They look forward to the day the law will protect the animals instead of them having to.
Image: Britches the lab monkey, who was rescued by the Animal Liberation Front Activists, had had his eyelids crudely sewn shut at birth and a probe attached to his brain.
Parallels With Direct Action Of The Past
Parallels can be drawn between the unlawful direct action animal rights groups and activists take today, and that taken during struggles to end injustice of the past. These include the Underground Railroad, or those who helped Jewish people escape the Nazis. While those people were once seen as criminals, they are now celebrated as heroes.
Animal rights groups and activists both past and present have used illegal direct action tactics and achieved much success. However, for those caught, sentences can be very severe.
Without Direct Action…
Without their sacrifice, much animal suffering would have gone unseen, and illegal cruelty unpunished.
For example, raids (investigations and rescues of animals) by animal rights groups such as the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) have not only exposed the truth of what happens to the public, but has also resulted in officials filing criminal charges against laboratories, and citing experimenters for violations of the Animal Welfare Act.
Image: Animal rights groups activists investigate facilities and rescue animals.
Unlawful Direct Action Of The Past
It is far from only animal rights groups and activists that have broken the law to combat injustice. There have been numerous examples in the past.
People who helped Jews escape the Nazis and the underground railroad are just two of them.
The Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad was, with the aid of abolitionists and allies who were sympathetic to their cause, a network of secret routes and safe houses established in the United States during the early to mid-19th century, to help African-American slaves escape into free states and Canada.
Helping Jews Escape The Nazis
Brave people against the holocaust helped Jews under threat from the Nazis by hiding them and helping them escape â€“ all at the risk of their own lives. It was all illegal, but those brave men and women knew it was the right thing to do.
Image: Corrie Ten Boom and her family helped many Jews escape the Nazis by hiding them. It was illegal then, but she is now called a hero.
Comparisons can be drawn with the unlawful direct action of today being done to end injustice to animals.
Many animal rights groups and activists see the enslavement, exploitation and abuse of animals for profit as a holocaust itself.
While it is against the law, activists undertaking illegal direct action are called terrorists, extremists, fanatics and criminals. Only after liberation has been won, are activists like all of these no longer called terrorists, and are even hailed as heroes.
History Of Animal Rights Groups Direct Action
The Animal Liberation Front was possibly the most well known animal rights group of the 1980s. It was largely responsible for bringing animal rights to the fore, and continues to fight for animals today.
Image: ALF poster
The ALF – Strict Non-Violence Towards Sentient Beings, Including Humans
The ALF have always had a rule of strict nonviolence towards sentient beings, including humans. However, damaging property used to abuse animals is legitimate. For certain other animal rights groups of the era, violence against human animal abusers was not prohibited.
ALF Evidence Exposed Abuse And Helped Prosecutions
ALF activists document and expose cruelty behind closed doors that otherwise the public would never know about. Prosecutions have occurred due to ALF evidence.
The ALF are a leaderless and decentralised group. This means there are separate groups of people, or individuals, who abide by the rules of the ALF and undertake direct action in its name.
Image: Some people regard the ALF as terrorists, and at the least, extremists.
Just a Small Amount of Direct Action by ALF Activists:
– Against Animal Experimentation
In 1977 activists caused ÂŁ80,000 damage to a laboratory in North London, which went bust afterwards.
Although they kept their identities secret, the ALF publicised their animal lib activities in the â€śDiary Of Actionsâ€ť section of a their newsletter, Bite Back.
Image: ALF poster
Some of their direct action attracted press coverage, such as when they coordinated nationwide actions against the homes and cars of 40 vivisectors, and when they raided â€“ among other animal testing laboratories â€“ Life Sciences Research in Essex, rescuing animals and causing ÂŁ76,000 of damage.
In 1981 the ALF raided Boots the Chemistâ€™s lab animal breeding centre, in which they saved 12 beagles. The chemist later outsourced its animal testing division.
Image: The Animal Liberation Front with six beagles they rescued from a research laboratory.
– Animal Rights Groups Join Forces Against Fur
In 1983 an ALF cell in Croydon joined with a local animal rights group to rid Croydon of the fur trade. As a result:
- A fur shop closed down due to leafleting
- Another closed down after its windows were smashed.
- A hotel ceased its fur shows after being â€śgas bombedâ€ť, having its windows smashed, and slogans daubed on its walls.
- Debenhamsâ€™ fur department closed after a campaign by activists.
- The owner of a mink farm went bankrupt after it was raided by ALF activists. Nearly 3000 mink were sprayed â€“ rendering them economically worthless â€“ and 30 were released. Tractors and fences were also damaged.
- The Allders department store closed its fur department after ALF action was relentless: customers were leafleted and 600 boycott pledges were obtained; timed incendiary smoke devices were put in the store, setting off the sprinklers and causing ÂŁ500,000 in water damage; 27 windows and six doors were covered in glass etching fluid; their lorries were destroyed at a cost of over ÂŁ60,000.
– Upsurge In Activity
After that came an enormous increase in actions against high street targets including butchers, burger bars, Boots the Chemists, furriers, cancer charities and fishing tackle shops.
Image: ALF claimed responsibility for various Debanhams Department Store fires in protest of them selling real fur.
The Bite Back newsletters, publicising the direct action, had page after page of reports of damaged windows and cars, painted slogans and glued locks.
In November 1984 the ALF claimed it had injected Mars Bars across the country due to the company funding tooth decay experiments on animals. Millions of bars were removed from shelves at a cost of over ÂŁ3m to Mars.
– The ALF Still Going Strong In The 1990s
In March 1990 they rescued 82 beagle puppies and 26 rabbits from Harlan Interfauna, supplier to some of the countryâ€™s main vivisectors, such as Boots and Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS).
Image: ALF activists with rabbits saved from an animal testing laboratory.
In November the ALF activists raided a Boots laboratory and rescued eight female beagles. It was reported that 60 of its store branches were damaged by the ALF activists every month. They soon sold the vivisection division of the company and outsourced.
Image: Beagles being purposely given cancer in a laboratory.
1991-92 saw a huge amount of direct action against the meat trade in northwest England, with up to 100 lorries destroyed at a cost of over ÂŁ5m.
Although the ALF was still very active in the mid 90s, the Government clamped down on the key ALF activists, calling animal liberationists terrorists. They gave them them harsh sentences of over a decade in prison, and did not allow them to have any links with animal rights ever again.
– The ALF Today
Despite the police oppression, the ALF newsletter, that is now published online, continues to have many contributors to its Diary Of Actions, here. It shows how active ALF activists in many countries are today.
They also publish details of ALF prisoners that have been imprisoned due to illegally helping animals. They ask that these prisoners are sent messages of support.
“If they haven’t got prisoners, we have stopped fighting. If our prisoners are forgotten about, they have beaten us.”
~ Keith Mann, ALF activist and former prisoner
Image: ALF poster
Stop Huntingdon Life Sciences
Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty, (SHAC) was also a decentralised, animal liberation campaign group active in the US and UK from 1999 to 2014. It repeatedly brought Europeâ€™s largest animal testing company, Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS), to the brink of bankruptcy. Without Government intervention, it would not have survived.
In addition to directly targeting HLS, SHAC campaigners focused on the companyâ€™s investors, suppliers and business partners, in an attempt to isolate HLS from funds, supplies and clients. Tactics included demonstrations outside investorsâ€™ homes, destroying investorsâ€™ possessions, and rescuing animals. By 2009, about 250 companies, including Citibank, HSBC, Marsh, and Bank of America, had dropped their business with HLS. By the campaignâ€™s end in 2014, HLS was $100 million in debt.
Image: SHAC protest at London Stock Exchange against one of Huntingdon Life Sciences supporters.
SHAC Forced To End Action
The only reason SHAC was forced to end its campaign was because of unrelenting Government repression. The Government repeatedly created laws to clamp down hard on activists of animal rights groups, thus protecting the animal research industry. Dozens and dozens of SHACs prominent activists, like those of the ALF, were given severe sentences of years in prison.
SHAC stated: â€śAfter more than 10 years of organising the SHAC campaign and having sent shockwaves throughout the entire vivisection industry, our opposition has evolved. The global animal abuse and legal landscapes have changed and so itâ€™s time for us too, to change our tactics. With the onslaught of government repression against animal rights activists in the UK, itâ€™s time to reassess our methods, obstacles and opponentâ€™s weaknesses, to build up our solidarity network for activists and to start healing the affects [sic] of repression.â€ť
Many SHAC supporters were also ALF supporters, and vice versa. Together the groups successfully kept animal rights in the public eye.
Image: Poster from animal rights group SHAC
Open rescue and investigation is a method of protesting animal exploitation. It involves entering facilities where animals are being used and killed, taking photographs and video to document conditions, sometimes rescuing a number of animals from the facility, and then publicising their findings.
Image: Out of 500 activists rescuing sick animals on an open rescue, 40 were arrested.
Exposing Cruelty Hidden From Public
The aim of an open rescue is to expose cruelty that is kept out of view of the public. It is to raise awareness of the injustice of what is happening to animals, dispel misinformation about the issue, and protest against the animal exploitation. Open rescuers are investigators as well as rescuers.
Any animal rights activists can do open rescue, no matter if they are affiliated with any animal rights groups or not.
It is called â€śopenâ€ť rescue because activists do not attempt to conceal their activities, the place they have entered, or even their own identities. This may be because they feel that although they may not be on the side of the law, they are on the side of morality, and so should not be forced to act like criminals.
“The real crimes are not committed by us, but by the animal industry.”
~ Majja Carlsson of RĂ¤ddningstjĂ¤nsten The Rescue Service, a Swedish open rescue organisation
Image: Animal Liberation Victoria on an open rescue.
Some open rescuers claim to have acted in defense of others, and so are not guilty of any crime, especially if animals have not been kept in accordance with laws. However, such a defence rarely works.
Differences Between Open Rescue & ALF
The methods of Animal Liberation Front activists differ to open rescuers in that ALF activists often vandalise or destroy property, especially equipment used to cause animal suffering. This is to cost the target money and render the equipment or facility unusable. They also traditionally conceal their identities. Their methods are similar, however, in that they enter properties to document conditions and rescue exploited animals, and they publicise their activities.
Anonymous is not just an animal rights group, but has animal rights activisists, or “hactivists” among its numbers. It is a leaderless group, which means separate individuals, or small groups of people act under the ideals of, and the name, Anonymous.
The group is famous for activists hacking into computer systems of Governments, businesses or other organisations, as a protest against their activities.
The Animal Liberation Front also undertake occasional computer hacking of targets, to cause them disruption and cost them money.
Anonymous For The Voiceless And The Cube Of Truth
Anonymous For The Voiceless focuses on exposing and stopping animal cruelty. It is best known for legal street protests, such as the Cube Of Truth.
The Cube Of Truth is a street protest exposing the treatment of animals in animal agriculture. Activists stand silently in a square formation, all facing outwards. They typically wear â€śAnonymousâ€ť (Guy Faulkes) masks, and are dressed all in black. Some hold laptops showing videos of what happens to farm animals, while others hold placards. There are often additional activists who hand out leaflets and talk to anyone interested. The cube can be large or small.
Image: Cube Of Truth protest by Aninymous For The Voiceless.
DxE: Direct Action Everywhere
Direct Action Everywhere (DxE) encourages open rescue and investigation, as well as other forms of direct action, such as protest.
Rather than standing outside a shop protesting, DxE activists are known for protesting inside the businesses.
Image: Direct Action Everywhere stage a protest inside a store.
They are also known for their disruptive protests, where they interrupt official local Government proceedings or sports games to get their message across and create more publicity.
Protesting in public spaces is legal, but when protesters enter private land, they could be breaking the law.
DxE also encourages activists to get creative in the way they protest in public spaces.
They publicise all their activities to try to expose the lies of companies profiting from animal exploitation and cruelty.
Many animal rights and animal advocate groups will take part in direct action. DxE is just one organisation that people are inspired to do it by.
Image: An example of creative direct action.
The Save Movement
The Save Movement is a worldwide organisation where groups of people attend to animals arriving in trucks at slaughterhouses/abattoirs local to them, giving the dehydrated animals water and comfort before they endure the horror of the slaughterhouse.
What they do is legal, and is often through an agreement with the slaughterhouse owner or manager.
Bringing People Face To Face With Their Food
The aim of the animal save movement is to bring these animals to the attention of the wider public, by publishing their activities online. They want to bring the public face to face with the animals that are suffering because of their food choices. They encourage people to stop the suffering in their name and go vegan. Their website has resources to help.
There are hundreds of Save groups across the world. People are encouraged to join an existing group, or start one in their area. It does not matter how many people are in your save group, as long as you can publicise your activities. Sometimes just a single person does it.
There are pig save, cow save, chicken save, sheep save, or general animal save groups, probably depending on the animals slaughtered at your local slaughterhouse.
Image: A Toronto Pig save post on their Facebook page.
Want To Know How To Effectively Spread Awareness?
Do you want to make the world a kinder place by helping stop terrified animals being put through horrific cruelty? By helping to change the habits of consumers by raising awareness, you can do that.
Spreading the animal rights message can be very emotionally draining and distressing. Have a look on this page to find out how to be an effective advocate for animals, whilst making sure you keep your mind healthy and happy. You can find more ways to spread awareness here.
Many Other Ways To Help Stop Animal Suffering
On this site there are many varied ways you can help animals and help stop cruelty. In fact, there are so many different ways that there is something for every personality type, no matter what their circumstances.
If you would like to learn more about why we so urgently need to help stop animal suffering, please see this website. It will allow you to broaden your knowledge of many different types of world wide animal abuse, giving you the ability to help animals by spreading awareness and answering questions people may have. Please be aware that you may find the information distressing.
One great way to help animals is to share the information you have seen on this website. Doing so means more people could help stop animal cruelty, and that would make you responsible for more animals being saved from suffering. Together we can help people help animals <3
Do you have anything you would like to add, or have you spotted a mistake? Please leave a comment below.